The Spanish Colonial City in Asia
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Country Philippines
Official Website
Island Grouping Luzon
Region Region I
General Information

Facts & Figures

The City of Vigan is the capital of the Province of ilocos Sur. It is 408 kilometers to the City of Manila; 80 kilometers from Laoag City and 139 kilometers from San Fernando, La Union.

The city consists of 39 barangays.The poblacion barangays which consist of nine barangays have a total land area of 144. 75 has. The adjoining 30 barangays make up 23. 6625 has.

In 1999, Vigan City was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site. The justification incribed for its selection as a World Heritage site included: a) Vigan represents a unique fusion of Asian building design and construction with European colonial architecture and planning (Criterion ii) and b) Vigan is an exceptionally intact and well preserved example of a European trading town in East and South-East Asia (Criterion iv).

Land Area

25.11 km²


Ilocos Sur is located along the western coast of Northern Luzon. It is bounded by Ilocos Norte on the north, Abra on the northeast, Mt. Province on the east, Benguet on the southeast, La Union on the south, and the South China Sea on the west.


45,143 people in 9,193 households, with a density of 4103.91/km²


Filipino and English are the basic tools of instruction in schools while Ilocano is the principal dialect. Kankanaey and Itneg are spoken in cultural communities.


The climate is generally dry as defined by the Hernandez type of climate. Classification is characterized by more dry months usually from October to May. However, the southernmost portion (part of Cervantes) is observed to be humid and rain is evenly distributed throughout the year while the eastern part of Sugpon is dry with rain not sufficiently distributed. August has the most rainfall while January and February have the least. The mean temperature in the province is 27 degrees C. January is the coldest. (Source : Vigan city website)


The City of Vigan is a first class city in the province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines. It is the capital city of Ilocos Sur located on the western coast of the large island of Luzon.

Vigan is a World Heritage Site in that it is the most intact example of a Spanish colonial town in Asia, and is well-known for its cobblestone streets and a unique architecture that fuses Asian building design and construction with European colonial architecture and planning.

Established in the 16th century, Vigan is the best-preserved example of a planned Spanish colonial town in Asia with a unique European atmosphere. Several museums exist for the many national heroes that were born here. Vigan is the oldest surviving Spanish colonial city in the Philippines. The name Vigan was derived from "Biga", a giant taro plant that grows abundantly along the banks of the Mestizo River.

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Date  Title  Action
25 Sep 2010  List of State Universities and Colleges in Region I  View
13 Sep 2010  Impressions on Vigan  View
09 Sep 2010  BURNAY INDUSTRY (Vigan Jar)  View
04 Sep 2010  Tourism: A Promising Industry in Ilocos Sur  View
22 Aug 2010  Topography and Soil  View
22 Aug 2010  Geography and Mineral Resources  View
22 Aug 2010  Tourism websites  View
01 Nov 2007  PhilCTTIS Business Directory: Accredited Hotels in Ilocos Sur  View
05 Oct 2007  Vigan is disaster prepared  View
10 Aug 2007  Tourist Attractions  View
10 Aug 2007  Special areas of interest  View
09 Aug 2007  Major products  View
09 Aug 2007  Museums  View
30 Nov 2007  Pro-environment energy program in N. Luzon set  View
18 Nov 2007  Japan firm, local partner plan massive coconut plantation in Ilocos  View
28 Oct 2007  Ilocos Sur prioritizes pilgrimage tourism  View
25 Sep 2007  TESDA helps Vigan sharpen skills of its homegrown butchers  View
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