Facts & Figures
The City of Vigan is the capital of the Province of ilocos Sur. It is 408 kilometers to the City of Manila; 80 kilometers from Laoag City and 139 kilometers from San Fernando, La Union.
The city consists of 39 barangays.The poblacion barangays which consist of nine barangays have a total land area of 144. 75 has. The adjoining 30 barangays make up 23. 6625 has.
In 1999, Vigan City was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site. The justification incribed for its selection as a World Heritage site included: a) Vigan represents a unique fusion of Asian building design and construction with European colonial architecture and planning (Criterion ii) and b) Vigan is an exceptionally intact and well preserved example of a European trading town in East and South-East Asia (Criterion iv).
Ilocos Sur is located along the western coast of Northern Luzon. It is bounded by Ilocos Norte on the north, Abra on the northeast, Mt. Province on the east, Benguet on the southeast, La Union on the south, and the South China Sea on the west.Population
45,143 people in 9,193 households, with a density of 4103.91/km² Language
Filipino and English are the basic tools of instruction in schools while Ilocano is the principal dialect. Kankanaey and Itneg are spoken in cultural communities.Climate
The climate is generally dry as defined by the Hernandez type of climate. Classification is characterized by more dry months usually from October to May. However, the southernmost portion (part of Cervantes) is observed to be humid and rain is evenly distributed throughout the year while the eastern part of Sugpon is dry with rain not sufficiently distributed. August has the most rainfall while January and February have the least. The mean temperature in the province is 27 degrees C. January is the coldest. (Source : Vigan city website) Economy
The City of Vigan is a first class city in the province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines. It is the capital city of Ilocos Sur located on the western coast of the large island of Luzon.
Vigan is a World Heritage Site in that it is the most intact example of a Spanish colonial town in Asia, and is well-known for its cobblestone streets and a unique architecture that fuses Asian building design and construction with European colonial architecture and planning.
Established in the 16th century, Vigan is the best-preserved example of a planned Spanish colonial town in Asia with a unique European atmosphere. Several museums exist for the many national heroes that were born here. Vigan is the oldest surviving Spanish colonial city in the Philippines. The name Vigan was derived from "Biga", a giant taro plant that grows abundantly along the banks of the Mestizo River.