Facts & Figures
Santiago City is a 1st class city in the province of Isabela, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 110,531 people in 22,401 households. This city has 37 barangays.Land Area
255 km² Location
Santiago, Queen City of the North, is situated in 4th district of the province of Isabela some 79 kilometers south of Ilagan (provincial capital town) and about 326 kilometers North of Metro Manila. The city sits on a vast area of predominantly flat and fertile land in the Cagayan Valley, which is surrounded by mountain ranges that include the Carballo Mountains in the south, the Great Sierra Madre in the east and the Cordillera Mountain Range in the west. In Terms of absolute geographic location, the city lies between 16º35 to 16º47 north latitude and 121º25 to 121 east longitude.Population
The city has a population of 110,531 with a population density of 433.5/km².Language/Dialect
The major dialect in Isabela is Ilocano followed by Ibanag, Yogad, and Gaddang. People, especially in the capital and commercial centers, speak and understand English and Pilipino.Climate
Generally, the province has two types of climate. The eastern and coastal areas experience moderate rainfall more or less distributed throughout the year while western Isabela has more pronounced wet and dry seasons. The average temperature is recorded at 27.1 degrees Celsius.Economy
Although Santiago is located in the southern periphery of Isabela, its economic importance is very much linked to its geographic centrality in the context of the regional space economy. In other words, the growth potential of the city is tremendous given the role that it presently performs in the surrounding area as a bridge in Region 2's provincial network. Santiago's commercial and economic status can be defined by noting that it is the only city in Isabela with an American restaurant (McDonalds).
It was said that there were only about three Filipino-owned sari-sari stores in Santiago in 1917. The settlers acquired most of their merchandise and other provisions from Chinese traders in Echague, the landing zone for products intended for Santiago and other towns, owing to its proximity to the Cagayan River.
It was when the Villa-Verde Trail was opened when things were set in motion. It facilitated the entry of immigrants from various provinces in Luzon to the Cagayan Valley and Santiago absorbed a sizable share of these travelers. The new route served as an impetus for growth and introduced new technologies and business opportunities.
Santiago survived through world wars, although badly damaged, and from then on developed to become the leading agricultural, commercial, industrial and educational center in Cagayan Valley.
Santiago City, the commercial center of Region 2, has been declared an independent-component city through a plebiscite on July 3, 1994 under Republic Act 7720. This declaration ushered in a new era for Santiago's constant progress.
Santiago City has become the trading center for all products of the province. Agriculture is the major industry of the people of Isabela. Farming is highly mechanized as most of the agricultural lands are irrigated. With the presence of the Isabela State University, joint ventures and other foreign assisted projects are viable while the Magat Dam Tourism Complex contributes to the high productivity in agriculture. Isabela is acknowledged as the hub of trade and commercial activities in the region due to its central location in the region. Furniture making using narra and other indigenous forest materials/products like Gmelina continue to exist. Potential investments are in fisheries and tourism. The reservoir of the Magat Dam is utilized for fishcage operations, particularly tilapia production. Tourism is relatively a new industry being developed in the province especially in the coastal areas. Support services and accommodation facilities are likewise being developed.