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Article: Region 6 Western Visayas Agribiz Profile - 06 Oct 2007

We are providing the following background general infomration on Region 6 Western Visayas for the benefit of the investor groups and potential producers and processors of agricultural products grown in the region. Region 6 is comprised of the island of Panay, the province of Negros Occidental and the island of Guimaras.

The Panay island is composed of 4 provinces: Aklan, Antique, Capiz and Iloilo. 

 

 
Region 6 Western Visayas Agribiz Profile

I. General Information

Western Visayas is Region 6 of the Philippines.  It is a region in transition growing out of its traditional lifestyle and industries evolving into an economy responsive to the requirements of rapid development.

Agriculture contributes more than one-third of Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP).  The rich soil and favorable climate of Western Visayas have made the sector a lucrative source of livelihood.  About 67% of the region’s land area is devoted to Agriculture.  Farms grow palay, corn, coconut, abaca, coffee, peanuts, sweet potato, garlic, banana, mango, cashew, cutflower, pineapple, cassava, tobacco, watermelon, and other legumes, various vegetables and rootcrops.

The islands comprising the region exhibit similar physical features characterized by relatively wide stretches of rivers and coastal lowlands that spread inland and a series of rugged hills and mountain lands in the interior areas.  The region lies within two large inter-island water bodies, the Sibuyan and the Visayan Seas.  It is surrounded by a number of bays and coves that provide good anchorage for fishing boats.  It also has one of the richest fishing grounds in the country.

A.   COMPOSITION
Region VI is comprised of the island of Panay, the province of Negros Occidental and the island of Guimaras.  Panay island is composed of 4 provinces; Aklan, Antique, Capiz, and Iloilo. There are a total of 16 cities, 116 municipalities and 4,048 barangays in the region.  The city of Iloilo is the regional center of trade, industry, education, culture and government.  Other important cities in the region were Bacolod and Roxas City.  Region 6 is subdivided into 18 congressional districts.  The provinces of Aklan, Antique, and Guimaras each represents one district; Capiz is composed of two districts; Iloilo with five districts; Negros Occidental 6 districts; and the cities of Iloilo and Bacolod are distinct congressional districts.

B.   LOCATION AND AREA   
Western Visayas lies 400 kilometers south of Manila and 150 kilometers west of the city of Cebu.  The region is bordered in the north by the Jintotolo Channel and the Visayan Sea to the east.  To the south of the islands, the Panay Gulf opens to the Sulu Sea.  It has a total land area of 20,223.2 sq. kms. Which is approximately 6.74% of the total land area of the Philippines.  

Table 1.  Western Visayas Regional Profile.

PROVINCES

CONGRESSIONAL
DISTRICTS

MUNICIPALITIES 
(no.)

BARANGAYs
(no.)

CITIES 
(no.)

LAND AREA 
(sq. km.)

Aklan
Antique
Capiz
Guimaras
Iloilo
Negros Occidental

1
1
2
1
6*
7*

17
18
16
5
42
18

327
590
473
96
1,901
661

-
-
1
-
2
13

1,817.90
2,522.00
2,633.20
604.60
4,719.40
7,926.10

Western Visayas

18

1,116

4,048

16

20,223.2

C.  CLIMATE  
The provinces of Western Visayas have a diverse climate.  The western half of Aklan, Negros Occidental, Iloilo and western tip of Capiz is classified as Type 1 under the Coronas System of Climate Classification, which is characterized by two pronounced seasons: dry season from November to April and wet season during the rest of the year.  The annual rainfall under this classification ranges from 1 to 2,500 mm and a growing period of 210-270 days.  The areas under this classification cover most of the existing agricultural land in the lowland, upland, and hilly areas represents some 12,640 sq. kms. or around 60% of the land area of the Region.   In other areas of the region, the climate is Type III and is characterized by seasons where maximum rain periods are not pronounced and the dry seasons last only from one to three months.  Rainfall pattern shows a peak rainfall occurrence during the month of September and lowest on March to April.

D.   LAND AND NATURAL RESOURCES
The total land area of Western Visayas is 20,223.2 sq. kms. or approximately 35.7% of the Visayas total land area .  A total of 13,304.8 sq. kms. or 66% of the region’s total land area are classified as alienable and disposable lands while the remaining 34% or 6,918.4 has. are classified as forestland. 

Figure 1.  Percentage share of Land Area by Province, Western Visayas.

Negros Occidental has the biggest land area of 7,926.10 sq. kms. or 40%; followed by Iloilo with 4,719.40 sq. kms. or 23%; Capiz with 2,633.20 sq. kms. or 13%; Antique with 2,522.00 sq. kms. or 12%; Aklan with 1,817.90 sq. kms. or 9%; and Guimaras with 604.6 sq. kms. or 3%.  Detailed land area of the provinces and municipalities by region are shown on Table 2.

 Aklan

PROVINCE  

MUNICIPALITY  

LAND AREA (sq. kms.)  

Aklan

Altavas
Balete
Banga
Batan
Buruanga
Ibajay
Kalibo
Lezo
Libacao
Madalag
Makato
Malay
Malinao
Nabas
New Washington
Numancia
Tangalan

109.4
127.6
80.7
62.5
88.5
117.2
4.62
23.4
313.6
234.4
96.3
83.3
195.3
96.3
36.5
26
80.7

 Capiz

PROVINCE  

MUNICIPALITY  

LAND AREA (sq. kms.)  

Capiz

Cuartero
Dao
Dumalag
Dumarao
Ivisan
Jamindan
Maayon
Mambusao
Pan-ay
Panit-an
Pilar
Pontevedra
Pres. Roxas
Roxas City
Sapi-an
Sigma
Tapaz

102
78.2
72.5
59.4
234.2
54.2
623
141.4
118.7
116
.4
89.8
115.6
113.4
102
80
101.7
335.5

 Antique

PROVINCE  

MUNICIPALITY  

LAND AREA (sq. kms.)  

Antique

Valderrama
Aniniiy
Barbaza
Belison
Bugasong
Caluya
Culasi
Hamtic
Laua-an
Libertad
Pandan
Patnongon
San Jose
San Remegio
Sebaste
Sibalom
T. Fornier
Tibiao

293.4
55.2
119.4
37.5
129.8
116.8
192.2
207.8
76
137
126.1
25.6
264.9
96.9
246.7
145.4
139.6
111.7

 Guimaras

PROVINCE  

MUNICIPALITY  

LAND AREA (sq. kms.)  

Guimaras

Buenavista
Jordan
Nueva Valencia
San Lorenzo
Sibunag

128.6
126.1
137.1
93.1
120

 

 

 Iloilo

PROVINCE  

MUNICIPALITY  

LAND AREA (sq. kms.)  

Iloilo

Ajuy
Alimodian
Anilao
Badiangan
Balasan
Banate
Barotac Nuevo
Barotac Viejo
Batad
Bingawan
Cabatuan
Calinog
Carles
Concepcion
Dingle
Dueñas
Dumangas
Estancia
Guimbal
Igbaras
Iloilo City
Janiuay
Lambunao
Leganes
Lemery
Leon
Maasin
Miag-ao
Mina
New Lucena
Oton
Passi City
Pavia
Pototan
San Dionisio
San Enrique
San Joaquin
San Miguel
San Rafael
Sara
Sta. Barbara
Tigbauan
Tubungan
Zarraga

193.4
144.8
75.4
77.5
41
118.9
94.5
142.3
44.8
84
82.5
232.8
112
97
77.5
90.5
116.8
32
44.5
152.5
56
179.1
246.9
32.2
119.9
140.2
156.6
132.9
43.4
44.1
84.6
250.7
35
91.3
126.8
87.7
231.4
21.4
145.9
183
77.5
60.6
34.3
82.5

Negros Occidental

PROVINCE  

MUNICIPALITY  

LAND AREA (sq. kms.)  

Neg. Occ.

Bacolod City
Bago City
Binalbagan
Cadiz City
Calatrava
Candoni
Cauayan
E. Magalona
Escalante City
Himamaylan City
Hinigaran
Hinoba-an
Ilog
Isabela
Kabankalan City
La Carlota City
La Castellana
M. Padilla
Manapla
Murcia
Pontevedra
Pulupandan
Sagay City
San Carlos City
San Enrique
Silay City
Sipalay
Talisay City
Toboso
Valladolid
Victorias City

156.1
402.1
185.4
516.5
504.5
191.7
519.9
113.3
125
384.2
160.8
414.1
281.7
177.4
726.4
137.3
216.5
143.7
112.9
322.9
112.5
230
389.6
451.3
210
214.8
442.7
173.4
123.4
48
133.9

 

 

Source: 1995 Regional Social and Economic Trends, Region 6, Western Visayas


 

Agricultural Area
The agricultural area in Western Visayas totaled to 10, 238.46 sq. kms. or 1,023,846 has.  The rest are apportioning to grassland, woodland, wetland and miscellaneous land with a total of 9,984.65 sq. kms. or 998,465 has.  Out of this area, about 86% or 8,758.25 sq. kms. or 875,825 has. is presently cultivated while the remaining 14% or 1,480.21 sq. kms. is developing.  Hence, it is potential for agricultural expansion.  Table 3 shows the breakdown summary of the agricultural land by province.

Table 3.  Breakdown of Agricultural Area by Province, Western Visayas.

PROVINCE

EXISTING AREAS

EXPANSION AREAS

TOTAL

Aklan

535.45

70.01

605.46

Antique

473.36

2.27

475.63

Capiz

848.96

102.17

951.13

Guimaras

292.48

239.74

532.22

Iloilo

2,273.93

260.73

2534.66

Negros Occidental

4,334.07

805.29

5139.36

Western Visayas

8,758.25

1,480.21

10,238.46

Source:  Handbook on Land and Other Physical Resources, Region VI Western Visayas

A total of 319,899 has. is devoted to rice production of which 135,883 has. are irrigated and 184,016 are rainfed.  Negros occidental is the province with the largest agricultural area (4,320 sq. km.) followed by Iloilo province with 2,410 sq. km.  Region VI ranks first in sugarcane production contributing 57.13% share in the national total of 14, 362,777mt. and second largest rice producer contributing 13.15% share (1,722,729 mt.) posting regional sufficiency level of 105.28 (BAS Data, 2002).

Fisheries Area
Fisheries takes up center stage in the 77 municipalities and 899 barangays stretch of their coastline offers considerable wealth that support diversity of marine life in terms of fish species, coral reefs and mangrove areas.  Table 4 presents the provincial breakdown of coastal municipalities and barangays.

Table 4.  Breakdown of Coastal Municipalities and Barangays, Western Visayas.

PROVINCES

COASTAL 
MUNICIPALITIES 
(no.)

COASTAL 
BARANGAYS (no.)

Aklan
Antique
Capiz
Guimaras
Iloilo
Negros Occidental

12
15
6
5
19
20

73
176
68
57
245
280

Western Visayas

77

899

Source: 1998 Fishery Sector Profile, Western Visayas

Resources for inland fishery include 642 rivers, 32 lakes, and 44 lagoons which are available for direct fishing and culture purposes.  Thus, fishpond development in Western Visayas accounts 699.41 sq. kms. of which 615.70 sq. kms. are operational.  The top fishpond operators in Capiz, Negros, and Iloilo provinces are operating this area.  Table 6 shows the fisheries resources.

Existing Land Use  
The existing land use in Western Visayas Region is classified into four:  Certified Alienable Land and Dispensable Land, Classified Forest Land/Established Forest Reservation, Wilderness Areas, and Unclassified Forest Land.  

Table 5.  Land Use Classification of Western Visayas,,2000.  

PROVINCES

CERTIFIED ALIENABLE LAND AND DISPENSABLE LAND (sq. kms.)

CLASSIFIED FOREST LAND/ESTABLISHED FOREST RESERVATION   
(sq. kms.)

NATIONAL PARKS GAMES REFUGEES & BIRD SANCTUARIES / WILDERNESS AREAS     (sq. kms.)

UNCLASSI FIED FOREST LAND   (sq. kms.)

Aklan
Antique
Capiz
Guimaras
Iloilo
Negros Occidental

1,104.52
1,335.56
1,593.66
567.68
3,502.85
5,403.50

713.37
1,186.35
912.30
36.49
1,160.57
2,508.46

0
0
0
0
0
252.77

0
0
127.22
0.40
0
14.11

Western Visayas

13,507.86

6,517.53

252.77

141.73

Source:  National Information Statistics Center, NSCB, La Paz, Iloilo City

 

E.   SOIL TYPE
The predominant soil types in the region are:  clay loam of Sta. Rita and Alimodian series, sandy loam of Sara, Umingan, Luisiana series, and clay for Panay island; Guimbala-on clay, Silay fine sandy loams of volcanic origin for Negros Occidental while Guimaras it is the Faraon clay, gravely loam and Sara sandy loam.  Soils have the characteristics of fairly deep and high degree of permeability.

Western Visayas four predominant soil types by province:

A. Aklan

a. Alimodian Clay Loam
b. Sapi-an Clay
c. Sara Clay
d. San Rafael Clay Loam

B. Antique

a. Alimodian -Bolinao Complex
b. Umingon Clay Loam
c. Umigon Sandy Loam
d. Sta. Rita Clay

C. Capiz

a. Alimodian Clay Loam
b. Sapi-an Clay
c. Sara Clay
d. San Rafael Clay Loam

D. Guimaras

a. Guimaras Gravely Loam
b. Para-on Clay
c. San Rafael Loam
d. Sara Sandy Loam

E. Iloilo

a. Alimodian Clay Loam
b. Sta. Rita Clay Loam
c. San Rafael Loam
d. Barotac Loam

F. Negros Occidental

a. Guimbala-on Clay
b. Silay Fine Sandy Loam
c. Isabela Clay Loam
d. Bantog Clay Loam

Table 6.  Fishery Resources, Western Visayas.

PROVINCES

RESOURCES

SWAMPLAND/1

EXISTING
FRESH 
WATER/1

FISHPOND
BRACKISH
WATER/1

OTHER RESOURCES/2  

RIVERS
(no.)  

LENGTH
(kms.)

LAKES
(no.)

AREA (sq. kms.)

DAMS (no.)

AREA (has.)

LAGOONS (no.)

AREA
(has.)

WATER IMPOUNDMENTS (no.)

AREA (has.)

Aklan

3,036

3

7,763

133

580

6

242

16

11,300

-

-

-

-

Antique

-

15

411

85

1,090

-

-

-

-

8

9

-

-

Capiz

<p style=
Posted By: PhilCTTIS Data Center 
 
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