Source: 1995 Regional Social and Economic Trends, Region 6, Western Visayas
The agricultural area in Western Visayas totaled to 10, 238.46 sq. kms. or 1,023,846 has. The rest are apportioning to grassland, woodland, wetland and miscellaneous land with a total of 9,984.65 sq. kms. or 998,465 has. Out of this area, about 86% or 8,758.25 sq. kms. or 875,825 has. is presently cultivated while the remaining 14% or 1,480.21 sq. kms. is developing. Hence, it is potential for agricultural expansion. Table 3 shows the breakdown summary of the agricultural land by province.
Table 3. Breakdown of Agricultural Area by Province, Western Visayas.
Source: Handbook on Land and Other Physical Resources, Region VI Western Visayas
A total of 319,899 has. is devoted to rice production of which 135,883 has. are irrigated and 184,016 are rainfed. Negros occidental is the province with the largest agricultural area (4,320 sq. km.) followed by Iloilo province with 2,410 sq. km. Region VI ranks first in sugarcane production contributing 57.13% share in the national total of 14, 362,777mt. and second largest rice producer contributing 13.15% share (1,722,729 mt.) posting regional sufficiency level of 105.28 (BAS Data, 2002).
Fisheries takes up center stage in the 77 municipalities and 899 barangays stretch of their coastline offers considerable wealth that support diversity of marine life in terms of fish species, coral reefs and mangrove areas. Table 4 presents the provincial breakdown of coastal municipalities and barangays.
Table 4. Breakdown of Coastal Municipalities and Barangays, Western Visayas.
Source: 1998 Fishery Sector Profile, Western Visayas
Resources for inland fishery include 642 rivers, 32 lakes, and 44 lagoons which are available for direct fishing and culture purposes. Thus, fishpond development in Western Visayas accounts 699.41 sq. kms. of which 615.70 sq. kms. are operational. The top fishpond operators in Capiz, Negros, and Iloilo provinces are operating this area. Table 6 shows the fisheries resources.
Existing Land Use
The existing land use in Western Visayas Region is classified into four: Certified Alienable Land and Dispensable Land, Classified Forest Land/Established Forest Reservation, Wilderness Areas, and Unclassified Forest Land.
Table 5. Land Use Classification of Western Visayas,,2000.
CERTIFIED ALIENABLE LAND AND DISPENSABLE LAND (sq. kms.)
CLASSIFIED FOREST LAND/ESTABLISHED FOREST RESERVATION
NATIONAL PARKS GAMES REFUGEES & BIRD SANCTUARIES / WILDERNESS AREAS (sq. kms.)
UNCLASSI FIED FOREST LAND (sq. kms.)
Source: National Information Statistics Center, NSCB, La Paz, Iloilo City
E. SOIL TYPE
The predominant soil types in the region are: clay loam of Sta. Rita and Alimodian series, sandy loam of Sara, Umingan, Luisiana series, and clay for Panay island; Guimbala-on clay, Silay fine sandy loams of volcanic origin for Negros Occidental while Guimaras it is the Faraon clay, gravely loam and Sara sandy loam. Soils have the characteristics of fairly deep and high degree of permeability.
Western Visayas four predominant soil types by province:
a. Alimodian Clay Loam
a. Alimodian -Bolinao Complex
a. Alimodian Clay Loam
a. Guimaras Gravely Loam
a. Alimodian Clay Loam
F. Negros Occidental
a. Guimbala-on Clay
Table 6. Fishery Resources, Western Visayas.
AREA (sq. kms.)
WATER IMPOUNDMENTS (no.)
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