Manila being the seat of government during the Spanish Period became the only city in the Philippines with the most number of popular churches.
Popular Churches in the Philippines
Malate Church Built in the second half of the 18th century, this unique church with Moslem-baroque architecture is considered to be one of the oldest churches outside the walled city. Founded by the Augustinian friars as a simple stone church. Archival records show that the foundation of the Malate Mission was under the patronage of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios. The original image of the saints was brought from Spain in 1624 by Reverend Father Juan Guevarra. The statue, which was destroyed during World War II, was fashioned to its original by prominent sculptor Maximo Vicente. The church also served as the stone fortress of the British Occupation Force against the Spaniards in Intramuros.
Quiapo Church For religious devotees, the famed Quiapo Basilica is home to the centuries-old, miraculous image of the Black Nazarene. For adventure-seekers, Carriedo Street is lined with year-round bazaars and flea markets that sell bric-a-brac items, garments, medicinal herbs, handicrafts and electronic items.
Basilica of San Sebastian The Basilica of San Sebastian is one of the four minor basilicas in the Archdiocese of Manila. It is said to be the only church in Asia built of steel. The architect decided to use steel to build the present structure because the church had been completely destroyed by an earthquake twice.
The Basilica contains the National Shrine of Our Lady of Mount Carmel. Every year the feast of Our Lady is celebrated twice a year. The biggest feast is celebrated on 31st January, with a traditional novena ending with a procession all along the parish streets. Her feast on 16th July is also celebrated with a novena but with a shorter religious procession.
The Manila Cathedral The Manila Cathedral, also known as the minor basilica of the Immaculate Conception, was the seat of the Archbishop of Manila during the Spanish colonial period in the Philippines, and still remains the ecclesisastical seat of the Archdiocese of Manila
The first cathedral, made of nipa and bamboos, was built in 1581. It was damaged by a typhoon in 1582 and razed by fire in 1583.
The present cathedral was constructed in 1954 to 1958 under Archbishop Rufino Jiao Santos of Manila and under the supervision of National Artist for Architecture Awardee, Architect Fernando Ocampo. It was elevated into the rank of minor basilica in 1981 by Pope John Paul II.